The JROTC Department
Section I General
1-1. PURPOSE: This handbook has been prepared to help you quickly learn about the operation and administration of the Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (JROTC) Cadet Battalion. It will provide guidance on procedures that are standardized as to format, recurring in practice, and informative in nature. You will save valuable time and avoid many mistakes by studying this handbook closely.
1-2. AUTHORITY: The Army JROTC program originated as part of the National Defense Act of 1916. The principle of maintaining national programs of military training for young citizens attending school was validated during Congressional hearings preceding passage of the ROTC Vitalization Act of 1964. The program consists of three levels of instruction: the senior division; the military schools division; and the junior division. Our unit is a junior division unit and was established at Ayden-Grifton High School in 2004 following application by the Pitt County Board of Education to the Department of the Army (DA).
1-3. MISSION: The primary mission of a modern educational program is to train leaders for tomorrow. The Army Junior ROTC program provides a unique educational experience for young citizens through participation in a federally sponsored course of military instruction while pursuing their normal civilian education. You should acquire an understanding of the fundamental concepts of military art and science, an introduction to associated professional knowledge, and an appreciation of requirements for national security. The dual roles of citizen/soldier and soldier citizen are studied. JROTC assists in the total development of high school students so that they can take their places as responsible citizens in our free society. The mission of the JROTC program is to “MOTIVATE YOUNG PEOPLE TO BE BETTER CITIZENS.”
1-4. OBJECTIVES: Participation in the program will involve a combination of relevant knowledge and personal development. The program will offer you the challenge of intellectual inquiry under the direction of instructors who are experienced leaders. The cadet Battalion provides an atmosphere designed to develop the qualities of leadership. Through classroom and other instructional activities, you may acquire the knowledge, self-discipline, patriotism, sense of responsibility, and responsiveness to constituted authority that will better prepare you for the future. The course will enable you to better serve your country as a leader, as a citizen, and in the military service should you enter it.
1-5. JROTC DEPARTMENT:
1-7. DISENROLLMENT/DECERTIFICATION: Students will be disenrolled or decertified from the JROTC program as recommended by the SAI and approved by the principal.
Section II. Military Training Course
Mondays = Classroom Textbook Instruction (1.5 hours)
Tuesdays = Classroom Textbook Instruction (1.5 hours)
Wednesdays = Uniform Inspection (0.75 hours) + Marching Drill Practice (0.75 hours)
Thursdays = Administer Tests (0.50 hours)
Thursdays = Weekly Journal Assignments / Leadership Essays (1.0 hours)
Fridays = Specialty Team Training (1.5 hours)
Mondays = Classroom Textbook Instruction (1.5 hours)
Tuesdays = Classroom Textbook Instruction (1.5 hours)
Wednesdays = Uniform Inspection / Marching Drill Practice (0.75 hours)
Wednesdays = Cadet Battalion Staff Development (0.75 hours)
Thursdays = Administer Tests (0.50 hours)
Thursdays = Weekly Journal Assignments / Leadership Essays (1.0 hours)
Fridays = Specialty Team Training (0.75 hours) + Cadet Battalion Staff Development (0.75 hours)
1-9. CREDIT: Academic credit toward graduation is awarded on the basis of one full credit for each year of JROTC training successfully completed. A Military Training Certificate (DA Form 134), signed by the Senior Army Instructor, will be furnished to each cadet upon successful completion of his/her JROTC training, provided his/her service has been honorable. These certificates can be used for college credit and/or advanced promotion upon enlistment in any service branch.
1-10. METHOD OF GRADING:
Event Weight Focus
Tests 45% JROTC Curriculum Tests (weekly)
Journal Assignments (weekly)
Essay Writing Assignment (weekly)
Participation 40% Cadet Staff Development (weekly)
JROTC Specialty Team Development
JROTC Service Learning Project
JROTC Cadet Challenge
Quiz 15% Cadet Staff Development (weekly)
Weekly Uniform Inspections (weekly)
A 90 -100 B 80-89 C 70-79
D 60-69 F 59 – below
1-11. LEVEL OF WORK: The level of cadet work differs for freshmen level cadets (LET 1 & 2) and upper level cadets (LET 3 through 8). Review the weekly schedules for both freshman and upper level cadets under Section 1-8 (GENERAL) paragraphs c and d on page _____ of this handbook. Upper level cadets will be required to write and present weekly leadership essays, participate in weekly Battalion Staff Development and hold key leadership positions within the Corps of Cadets and JROTC Specialty Teams.
1-12. MAKE-UP WORK: Cadets missing a graded test or quiz, or any graded exercise or event because of an excusable absence will be permitted to make up the missed work. A grade of zero will be recorded for the missed assignment until it is made up and completed. It is the cadet’s responsibility to coordinate with the instructor to receive a study packet and makeup all graded assignments for which he or she received a zero grade resulting from an excused absence. Late homework assignments can be turned in late, but with a penalty. Late assignments will be graded as normal and then downgraded by one letter grade.
1-13. RETESTS: Except for failures incurred, as a result of an unexcused absence, cadets who receive failing grades on an examination will be permitted to retest. Students will only be allowed one chance to retest, however, ESL and 504 cadets will be permitted to retest more than once, at the discretion of the instructor or if stipulated by their learning profile. The maximum allowable grade on a retest will be the average of the two scores from the first failed test and the retest. It is the cadet’s responsibility to notify the instructor and schedule a retest if one is desired.
(1) A satisfactory rating warrants continuation of Army resources and funding for the program. An unsatisfactory rating requires a re-inspection the following year. It is very important that cadets do well on this inspection.
(2) The Battalion can receive three ratings:
(a) Honor Unit with Distinction (gold star) for a superior rating
(b) Honor Unit (blue star) for an excellent rating
(c) Honorable Mention (yellow star) for a satisfactory rating.
(d) Unsatisfactory Rating (requiring a re-inspection the next upcoming year)
(3) Cadets are authorized to wear stars on their uniforms to signify their unit’s accomplishment.
Section III. The Cadet Battalion
1-15. GENERAL: The Cadet Battalion is organized and structured to achieve as much realism as possible, thus affording cadets the opportunity to gain experience by practicing the leadership theories taught in the classroom. The Battalion is fashioned after typical Army organizations and positions of leadership are similar in most aspects to those that would be found in an Active Army unit. Basically, cadets command various units of the Battalion with JROTC instructors acting in a supervisory and advisory capacity.
1-16. ORGANIZATION: The Charger Battalion of AGHS is organized tactically as a battalion. The elements of the Battalion are:
1-17. POSITIONS AND RANK:
Assistant Staff Officers
Company Executive Officer
Battalion Sergeant Major
Battalion Operations Sergeant
Battalion Staff NCOs
Company First Sergeant
Assistant Squad Leader
Company Armorer (Guidon Bearer)
2d Lieutenant (2LT) or 1st Lieutenant 1LT)
2d Lieutenant (2LT) or 1st Lieutenant (1LT) 2d Lieutenant (2LT) or 1st Lieutenant (1LT) Command Sergeant Major (CSM)
Master Sergeant (MSG)
Sergeant First Class (SFC)
First Sergeant (lSG)
Sergeant First Class (SFC)
Staff Sergeant (SSG)
Sergeant (SGT) or Corporal (CPL)
SGT or CPL
1-18. METHOD OF APPOINTMENT:
1-19. QUALIFICATIONS FOR PROMOTION:
TO PRIVATE (E-2) 30 MERITS
TO PRIVATE FIRST CLASS (E-3) 60 MERITS
For each promotion, merits indicated will be deducted, i.e., if a cadet has 40 merits and recommended by the cadet command sergeant major, the cadet may be promoted to E-2 using a deduction of 30 merits, leaving the cadet with 10 merits. The cadet must then earn 50 additional merits, plus be recommended by the cadet command sergeant major before being eligible for promotion to E-3. The cadet battalion commander is the final approval authority for E-2 and E-3 promotions.
1-21: JROTC SPECIALTY TEAMS:
1-22. JROTC EXTRACURRICULAR ACTIVITIES:
These activities are planned to provide both recreation and additional training opportunities for cadets. All cadets are urged to actively participate in one or more extra-curricular activities sponsored by the JROTC program.
-must have a passing grade average in JROTC
-must not have received an out-of-school suspension
-must have completed/turned in all field trip paperwork
-must pay field trip fee
1-23. JROTC BATTALION FORMATIONS:
(2:30-2:50 pm). Unless otherwise directed all battalion formations will take place in the student commons area.
(2) disseminate/collect important information
(3) conduct promotions and present JROTC awards
(4) conduct battalion level marching drill
(5) conduct battalion level parades, pass and reviews
1-24. JROTC SERVICE LEARNING PROJECTS:
(1) United Way Day of Caring – Cadets sign up to serve on teams that are organized by the United Way staff to work at various service agencies within Pitt County. These agencies usually include; The Boys and Girls Club, local Fire and Police stations, local Nursing Homes, Food Shelters, Meals on Wheels, etc. The United way usually provides breakfast and gives each participating cadet a T-shirt.
(2) Relay for life Cancer Fundraiser – Cadets participate by walking a total of 4 hours around the Ayden-Grifton High School ¼ mile track in recognition of cancer survivors and victims. Cadets must have a sponsor who contributes money to the Cancer Society for every mile the cadet walks. The sponsor must provide the cadet with a typed letter that verifies the date the cadet walked, the sponsor’s contact information and the amount of money contributed to the Cancer Society on the cadet’s behalf.
(3) American Legion Memorial Day Flags – Usually the last weekday prior to the Memorial Day weekend, cadets meet at the American Legion building in Tarboro. Their task is to place miniature US Flags on the gravesites of deceased service veterans.
Section 1. General
2-1. PURPOSE. The smooth running of any organization is dependent upon a clear understanding on the part of all concerned of the rights, privileges, and responsibilities of each individual. It is the purpose of this chapter to clarify those rights, privileges, and responsibilities. The provisions of this chapter have the same force as an order issued directly to a cadet. It is the responsibility of each cadet to be aware of these regulations and to conduct him or herself in a way that reflects both the letter and spirit of the regulation.
2-2. RESPECT FOR AUTHORITY. A major aim of the Army JROTC program is to aid you in becoming a better citizen. In keeping with this goal, all cadets are required to show proper respect for authority. This applies equally to your relationships with cadets holding a higher rank, and to school officials. The maximum, “Those who would lead must first learn to obey,” should be taken seriously by each cadet.
2-3. AUTHORITY OF CADET OFFICERS AND NCO. Cadet officers and noncommissioned officers are duly appointed representatives of the SAI and AI. Their orders and instructions are to be obeyed by all cadets junior to them. All cadets are charged with the responsibility of obeying lawful orders regardless of any personal feelings they may have toward the cadet giving them. Whenever you feel that you are being subjected to an injustice, follow this simple rule, “Obey first, protest later.”
2-4 RESPONSIBILITIES OF CADET OFFICERS AND NCO. All cadet officers and noncommissioned officers must at all times be fair, impersonal, and impartial in giving orders. Any cadet officer or noncommissioned officer who misuses the authority delegated to them will be considered unfit for that rank and will be reduced. Ranking cadets have the responsibility to exercise every means of positive leadership to accomplish results, and should resort to disciplinary measures only when all else fails.
(1) The hair on top of the head will be neatly groomed. The length and or the bulk of the hair will not be excessive or present a ragged, unkempt or extreme appearance. The hair will present a tapered appearance and when combed, it will not fall over the ears, eyebrows, or touch the collar. Block cuts in the back is permitted in moderate degree. In all cases, the length or bulk of the hair will not interfere with the normal wear of military headgear..
(2) If the cadet desires to wear sideburns, they will be neatly trimmed and extend no further than the bottom of the ear. The base will be a clean-shaven horizontal line.
(3) The face will be clean-shaven, except that mustaches are permitted. If a mustache is worn, it will be kept neatly trimmed. The portion extending beyond the corners of the mouth will not fall below a line parallel with the bottom of the lower lip. Goatees, beards, dreadlocks, and braids are not authorized in uniform.
(4) Female cadets are prohibited from wearing unnatural styles of multi-colored hair i.e. purple, orange, blue etc. while wearing their JROTC uniform. The wearing of ethical hair styles while in uniform is not advised unless the hair can be properly pinned up off the cadet’s shoulders and can be worn naturally with the appropriate military headgear. Headbands of any kind are not authorized to be worn while in uniform.
It is important that every cadet conduct his or herself in such a manner as to not bring discredit upon his or herself, the JROTC Department, the JROTC uniform, nor the Battalion and Corps of Cadets. All cadets must live up to high standards of conduct, and always strive to set the example that others should follow.
2-7. MILITARY DISCIPLINE AND COURTESY.
(1) In JROTC classes, drill and other JROTC activities, cadet officers will be addressed as ‘Sir’ or ‘Ma’am’ and will be accorded salutes and courtesies by their juniors. Cadet NCOs will be addressed by their rank, and all others will be addressed as “Cadet.” The exchange of salutes and other military courtesies are required at all times when cadets are present in JROTC areas (classroom, drill field, formation areas). These same courtesies will be observed in all areas of the school on days when the cadet Battalion is in uniform. JROTC instructors will be addressed by their official rank and addressed as “Sir” or “Ma’am” in general.
(2) Cadets will report to the JROTC classroom and be standing behind their desks when the tardy bell rings. After the tardy bell sounds the cadets will be led by a class leader or cadet volunteer to recite the JROTC Cadet Creed. After reciting the cadet creed all cadets will remain standing while the class attendance is taken. When a cadet’s name is called they will sound off with “Here ‘Sir’ or ‘Ma’am’ or “Present ‘Sir’ or ‘Ma’am’ and then take their seat.
(3) Chewing gum, eating, drinking, talking, whispering, getting up walking or moving around without permission, passing notes, text messaging on a cell phone or any other horseplay is not acceptable conduct when class is in session. The JROTC class rules outline most do’s and don’ts in the classroom.
(4) When cadets desire to speak or ask questions in class, they will raise their hand. When the instructor recognizes them, cadets will state their name, and ask their question. Cadets will refrain from trying to talk over each other i.e. everyone trying to talk at once.
(1) Courtesy in civilian life is nothing more than the habit of being gentlemanly or lady-like, thoughtful, kind, and considerate to others. It has certain forms; such as saying “Good Morning”, or “Good Afternoon”, shaking hands, tipping your hat to ladies, and so forth. In the military service, the expression of courtesy is more formal and precise than in civilian life. The most important expression of courtesy to military personnel is the hand salute.
(2) The hand salute is the military way of saying, “Hello”. It is also customary to exchange greetings; such as, “Good Morning”, you of course, add “Sir” or “Ma’am” to the verbal part of the greeting.
2-8. VISITS TO JROTC AREA.
2-9. REPORTING TO THE Senior Army Instructor. When cadets desire to speak to the Senior Army Instructor on an official matter, they will make their request through the cadet chain of command. When reporting to the SAI, knock on the door, enter when instructed to do so, report to the SAI in the proper manner (render a hand salute and say: “SIR, Cadet Jones reporting as ordered SIR”) when the SAI returns your hand salute then state your business. When dismissed by the SAI, cadets will salute, face about, and depart.
2-10. TRAINING STANDARDS. During training as a cadet, instructors will insist on perfection in what may seem to be minor details (cleanliness, haircuts, shaves, shoe shines, marching, posture, wearing of the uniform, and brass). Your performance will be expected to be of the highest standard both on and off the school grounds. You will be expected to conduct yourself at all times in a manner, which will reflect credit upon yourself, your parents, the Cadet Battalion, and your school. Cadets in uniform are subject to correction by cadet officers and noncommissioned from school, including the time as a passenger on the school bus.
2-11. THE MERIT/DEMERIT SYSTEM.
The merit/demerit system is used in conjunction with the weekly cadet uniform inspections that occur each Wednesday. Only JROTC instructors will award merits or assess demerits. All merits and demerits will be recorded during the inspection and posted weekly on the cadet bulletin board for all to see. Merits and demerits will not be accumulated and carried forward from one semester to another.
knowledge questions during the weekly in-ranks inspection. Each correctly answered question earns the cadet 1 merit. Merits can be accumulated and used to cancel out demerits on a 2 for 1 basis. This means a cadet must earn 2 merits to cancel out 1 demerit. Unused merits can be carried forward and used only once to cancel out demerits on the next upcoming week’s inspection. Therefore, unused merits will expire after 1 week or 7 days from the day it was earned.
Improper wearing of cap 2
Haircut, Male (Non Regulation) 10
Hair Color, Female (Non Regulation) 10
Wearing Earrings Males nose rings WITH UNIFORM 5
Earrings, Female (Non Regulation), Too 2 ea
In need of shave 5
JROTC Insignia (not shined, missing) 2
Neck Tie / Tab Missing 2
Nametag (missing, not aligned) 3
Buttons (missing) n 2
Belt / Belt Buckle (missing, not shined) 3
Dirty fingernails or loud/clashing fingernail polish 5
Rings (too many) 2 ea
Socks (wrong color, missing) 2
Shoes (not shinned, dirty) 3
Unzipped jacket / Unbutton coat 2
Incomplete uniform 5
Uniform dirty, not pressed 10
Lack of General Knowledge 5
Playing in ranks (formation) 5 (w/warning)
Behavior during inspection 10
Disrespect of uniform 10
SECTION II. THE UNIFORM
2-12. WEARING OF THE UNIFORM. The JROTC uniform is a symbol of a proud and honorable profession. As a JROTC cadet, you are expected to maintain high standards in both personal appearance and military bearing. Being properly uniformed is a large part of the image you project to all those with whom you come in contact. As a future leader, train yourself now to present an outstanding image at all times. When you are in uniform, you must remember that you are a living advertisement of your unit, the Army Junior ROTC program and Ayden-Grifton High School. Credit or discredit, is reflected on you, JROTC and AGHS by your appearance.
2-13. PENALTIES FOR NONCOMPLIANCE WITH UNIFORM POLICIES. The penalties for non-compliance with prescribed uniform standards are severe from a disciplinary standpoint. Any school member (i.e. teachers, administrators, students, cadets, custodial staff) may report cadet uniform violations to the JROTC instructor staff. The SAI and AI will determine the validity and credibility of each reported infraction and take appropriate action in accordance with the following:
1ST Offense: Warning Issued
2d Offense: In School Suspension (ISS)
3d Offense: 1 day Out of School Suspension (OSS) for each infraction
2-14. PRESCRIBED UNIFORMS. The following uniforms are prescribed and authorized for wear by the Jaguar Battalion, North Edgecombe High School.
2-15. WEARING AWARDS RIBBONS, MEDALS, AND BADGES.
2-16. INSIGNIA: The following described insignia are those authorized for wear as part of the Army IROTC uniform.
windbreaker, and shirt. Insignia for the BDU uniform will be specially prescribed.
COMMANDER AND STAFF BLACK & GOLD (DOUBLE)
COLOR GUARD WHITE (SINGLE)
DRILL TEAMS RED
RIFLE TEAMS TAN
RAIDER TEAM BLACK
ORIENTEERING TEAM GREEN
SECTION III. SUPPLY
2-17. RESPONSIBILITIES: The uniforms and equipment of the AGHS JROTC Department are the property of the United States Government. It is loaned to cadets for specifically authorized purposes. Every cadet is charged with the responsibility of maintaining his/her issued equipment and clothing in the best possible state of serviceability. You are authorized to use your uniforms and equipment for training and other activities approved by the JROTC Department and the school. To use your uniforms or equipment purely for personal purpose, is not authorized.
3-1. THE AWARD PROGRAM. As a member of the Cadet Corps of the Charger Battalion, you have an opportunity to compete with your contemporaries for numerous awards that recognize outstanding performance of duty, scholarship, and military skills. JROTC Instructors determine award recipients based upon a system that compares cadets against each other in relationship to the established standard for the award. In addition to the award standard, cadets are evaluated in terms of their courtesy, character, attendance, participation, and demonstrated leadership attributes.
3-2. AWARDS CATEGORIES. Awards are made from two principal categories, national and institutional. National Awards are recognized by JROTC units nation wide and are presented for outstanding individual performance. Institutional Awards are made in the name of the school system and are presented for either individual performance or for performance as a member of a unit or special group.
Cadet Leadership Guide
4-1. PURPOSE. This chapter is designed to provide an initial understanding of the principles of leadership, define leadership, explain the factors of leadership, and provide an overview of what a leader must be, know, and do as it relates to being a cadet within the Charger Battalion’s JROTC Cadet Corps. Its purpose is to provide an overall concept of leadership expected of cadets. The traditional principles that you are taught have long been the cornerstone of leadership doctrine. These principles, the factors, and the be, know, and do attributes will provide you with the fundamental of leadership and a framework for developing yourself, your subordinates, and your unit. Once you have an understanding of leadership and have practiced diligently the total principles of leadership, you are well on your way to success in any field of endeavor.
4-2. DEFINITIONS. In order to understand and gain a true appreciation for this chapter, you must be thoroughly familiar with the following terms.
4-3. PRINCIPLES OF LEADERSHIP. The following principles are excellent guidelines or laws for a cadet to develop his/her leadership capabilities.
4-4. FACTORS OF LEADERSHIP. The four major factors of leadership are the follower, leader, communication, and the situation. They have a significant impact on what actions the leader should take and when he/she should take them.
4-5. BE, KNOW, AND DO. To be a competent leader, there are certain things that you must be, know, and do.
4-6. BATTALION COMMANDER AND STAFF DUTIES & RESPONSIBILITIES.
- Being familiar with all phases of drill and ceremonies, the reference is FM 22-5.
- Being prepared to assume command of the company in the absence of all cadet commissioned officers.
- Company Armorer: Under the supervision of the executive officer, the armorer is in charge of he company's weapons in the arms area. The armorer will ensure the prompt and efficient issue and turn-in of weapons, as required, and perform such other duties as may be assigned by the executive officer and/or company commander. Specific duties of the armorer include:
- Preparation for replacement issue, Individual Weapons Cards (DA Form 3749).
- Ensuring that adequate cleaning and preserving materials are on hand/available for issue on maintenance days.
- Ensuring compliance with JROTC Department Security SOP for issue, turn-in, and storage of weapons.
- Conducting inspections of weapons for serviceability, tagging for unserviceable weapons, and reporting the status of the executive officer.
- Keeping the arms area in a high state of police.
- Function as the company guidon bearer during all ceremonies and parades.
- Perform such other duties as may be assigned by the executive officer and/or company commander.
- Platoon Sergeant: Platoon sergeants set the example at all times; assist in the supervision of the squad leaders; develop a spirit of teamwork in the platoon; submit absentee reports to the company first sergeant; assist the platoon leader in training the platoon; counsel personnel at a squad leader’s request; and assume control of the platoon in the absence of the platoon leader. Specific duties of the platoon sergeant include:
- Enforcing orders and instructions of the platoon leader.
- Forming the platoon in the prescribed area at the proper time.
- Supervising the squad leader in the inspection of their squads.
- Knowing and following the correct procedure for forming the platoon and receiving the report from the squad leaders and reporting the status of the platoon to the first sergeant.
- Developing a spirit of teamwork within the platoon and demanding respect from each member of the platoon.
- Being thoroughly familiar with drill and ceremonies as prescribed in FM 22-5 and cadet SOP.
- Knowing and insisting that all members of the platoon know the regulations of the Charger Battalion Cadet Corps. If necessary, conduct classes for those who do not know.
- Be prepared to assume command of the platoon in the absence of the platoon leader.
- Squad Leader/Assistant Squad Leader: Squad leaders are responsible to their platoon leader/sergeant for the appearance, conduct, training, and discipline of their squad. They ensure that each squad member learns and does what is expected, and maintains high standards of behavior. Specific duties of the squad leader include:
- Set the example at all times.
- Know the number, names, and personal information of all assigned personnel.
- Counsel/assist squad members with JROTC matters or help them find solutions to other issues when possible; refer to the platoon sergeant/leader if you are unable to handle/resolve an issue.
- Form the squad correctly. Make an accurate report by name of those persons present and absent during common hour activities, company platoon/formations, and other cadet battalion activities.
- Be thoroughly familiar with individual, squad, and platoon drill. When conducting drill, instruct/demonstrate the movement, allow time for individual performance; then supervise team leaders and squad members to ensure they perform properly. Conduct inspections to ensure personnel are prepared for training.
- Develop responsibility and leadership in team leaders and be the first person they turn to for assistance and advice.